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Disability Types

The Learning Assistance Program (LAP) serves students with a variety of disabilities. These descriptions are intended to provide general information, and are not intended to provide clinical definitions or represent a definitive list:  

Visual impairment means total or partial loss of sight.

Mobility and orthopedic impairment means a serious limitation in locomotion or motor functions which includes students with significant limitations in mobility such as those with paraplegia, quadriplegia, or amputations affecting walking

Communication Disability is defined as impairment in the processes of speech, language or hearing.

Hearing loss is a total or partial loss of hearing function which impedes the communication process essential to language, educational, social and/or cultural interactions.

Speech and language impairment means one or more speech-language disorders of voice, articulation, rhythm, and/or the receptive and expressive processes of language.

Learning Disability is a persistent condition of presumed neurological dysfunction which may exist with other disability conditions. This dysfunction continues despite instruction in standard classroom situations. To be categorized as learning disabled, a student must exhibit:

- Average to above-average intellectual ability
- Severe processing deficit(s)
- Severe aptitude-achievement discrepancy(ies)
- Measured achievement in an instruction or employment setting

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) is a cluster of behaviors which includes problems with attention, impulsivity and distractibility. 

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) includes the additional characteristic of hyperactivity.

Acquired Brain Injury means a deficit in brain functioning which results in a total or partial loss of cognitive, communicative, motor, psycho-social, and/or sensory-perceptual abilities. 

Developmentally Delayed Learner is a student who exhibits the following:

- Below average intellectual functioning
- Potential for measurable achievement in instructional and employment settings
- For those who do not have the ability to benefit from rigorous academic courses, training and instruction in noncredit courses are provided at the Vocational Training Center Enterprises. For more information, call VTC Enterprises at 928-5000

Psychological Disability means a persistent psychological or psychiatric disorder, emotional or mental illness that adversely affects educational performance. Psychological disabilities include conditions listed in the Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV).

Other Disabilities
This category includes all students with disabilities who do not fall into any of the above categories, but who require additional support services and instruction. These conditions include, but are not limited to, neuromuscular, cardiovascular, rheumatic, sickle-cell, or renal diseases. Diabetes mellitus, pulmonary dysfunction, HIV, and various types of cancers are also included.